“Jilya” means “my child” in Nyamal language: for this is about our children
Our name reflects our underlying purpose:
“to provide a world in which our most vulnerable Indigenous children, people, and communities, can have at the very least, an equal opportunity to thrive”
The Westerman Jilya Institute for Indigenous Mental Health Aboriginal Corporation is an Aboriginal Community Controlled not for profit organisation, registered under the Corporations (Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander) Act 2006, and incorporated as a charity with the Australian Charity and not-for-profits Commission (ACNC).
Jilya was created in response to the 13 deaths of Aboriginal children in the Kimberley, the subject of the Fogliani Coronial Inquiry. These deaths, and the continuing deaths of Aboriginal people by suicide, compelled Dr Westerman to act and do something to support improved access to mental health services that were both clinically and culturally appropriate, and which could provide measurable outcomes for high risk communities.
The Dr Tracy Westerman Indigenous Psychology Scholarship Program was launched first as a direct result of hearing the voices of decades of bereaved Indigenous parents and communities who were crying out for help not being able to access it.
The Scholarship Program quickly became assured and started to grow, so the next step was to ensure there was capacity to train not just Indigenous practitioners but any practitioner who wanted to be guided around the best possible practice to make a difference to the lives of our most vulnerable communities
Jilya has big aims, and we don’t apologise for them, nor do we believe they are unattainable.
The Jilya Institute is focused on four streams:
- Program Evaluation: This stream aims to ensure that programs are assisted to outcome evaluate their programs and ensure that this data is used in a way that clearly informs the content of programs; outcomes of interventions and best practice treatment focus.
- Treatments of best practice: This stream will test treatments of best practice for mental health issues; suicide behaviours, criminogenics, attached related disorders, etc.
- Evidence based intervention programs: This stream will determine evidence-based intervention and prevention programs at a whole of community level and enable improved targeted interventions, funding related to outcomes and trained service providers in high risk communities who can then deliver these programs in an ongoing manner.
- Psychology Scholarships and student support: The Dr Tracy Westerman Aboriginal Psychology Scholarship Program, administered by Jilya, will ensure that the Australian workforce builds its capacity to address the extensive mental health needs in Aboriginal communities.
Statement of Need:
Tragically, Aboriginal Australians continue to be over-represented across every indicator of social disadvantage and inequity measures, including:
- Indigenous Suicide: The likelihood that Aboriginal people will die by suicide is six times greater compared to non-Aboriginal people. Aboriginal children are tragically the highest risk group:
- 75% of child suicides between 2007 and 2011 were Aboriginal children.
• 80% of all youth suicides in 2004 to 2012 were Aboriginal youth, in 1991 this was 10%.
• The Kimberley region has one of the highest suicide rates in the world at 70 per 100,000 (overall national rate in Australia is 11, Guyana in South America is 41).
- Indigenous Mental Health: The absence of Indigenous mental health prevalence data is an unacceptable gap. Studies which exist either provide a ‘snapshot’ of
- Child protection: Aboriginal children are vastly over-represented in the child protection system, comprising just 5% of the population but representing 56% of those in out of home care in Western Australia.
- Educational outcomes: There is a national gap of around 15% in the attainment of Year 12 qualifications between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal students. The completion of Year 12 increasing employment opportunities by 40% and the established link between increased employment and lower rates of mental ill health.
- Incarceration rates: Indigenous Australians represent 27% of those incarcerated in Australian prisons. This has doubled since the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody (RCIADIC) in 1990 in which the rates of Aboriginal people in prisons was at 14% nationally.